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Deinonychus Family by EWilloughby Deinonychus Family by EWilloughby
This is a very small watercolor "sketch", part of which was for a friend, and the scene inspired by ~Agahnim's novel-in-progress...

Obviously this is a very speculative scenario, perhaps a bit All Yesterdays-esque, and is speculative in a number of ways:

1. Family groups in dromaeosaurs are definitely not outside the realm of possibility, and may be more likely than the tired "pack" scenario, at least until the young disperse (fledge? Wean?). Here, the male and female are depicted in a monogamous pair-bond, and jointly care for the young.

2. The male is the more brightly-colored of the two, and the female is similarly-colored but a bit duller, and with more banding. The display feathers in the male are green due to a pigment molecule similar to the pigment turacoverdin, the only known green pigment in birds, and the pigment responsible for the green coloration in turacos. There is evidence to suggest that turacoverdin - or a molecule structurally very similar to it - arose at least twice in modern birds, once in turacos and once in the northern jacana, a totally unrelated bird. Therefore it's not totally outside the realm of possibility that a similar compound evolved independently in dromaeosaurs as well. Turacoverdin is copper-based porphyrin and turacos derive their copper from the fruit they eat, but Deinonychus could derive its copper from the livers of its prey, which is also high in copper.

3. The female is carrying its young on its back, much in the same way that some waterbirds like loons and grebes, as well as crocodilians, do with their young. The idea is that Deinonychus occupies a large territory and would needing to constantly hunt to feed the brood, and would be moving location too frequently for young to easily follow on foot. Here, one chick is using WAIR to climb up its father's back, which is something that some modern young birds also do.

4. The chicks are patterned similar to baby ratites, which are often streaked or spotted until they get older.

5. The feathery toes, while not terribly unique due to finds like Anchiornis, are loosely based on Matt Martyniuk's new post on dinosaur foot scales, which indicates that scutes may have evolved from feathers, rather than the opposite. The chicks here don't have feathery feet because the animals would have evolved from an ancestor that had pebble-scaled feet without feathers or scutes, and ontogeny occasionally very loosely recapitulates phylogeny. (Alternately, I could have depicted the chicks with voluminous legwings, since legwings may have been an intermediate stage between pebble-scale feet and scuted feet).
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:iconcjcroen:
CJCroen Featured By Owner Jan 29, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
I love the babies' camouflage patterns :3
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:iconhelixdude:
Helixdude Featured By Owner Jan 6, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Adorable and scientifically plausible at the same time! I personally applaud the concept of having the chicks ride one of the parent's backs, it would make sense as a predator constantly on the move would have to bring fully mobile, precocial young with it instead of leaving vulnerable atricial chicks at the mercy of prey.    
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:iconjurartsic:
Jurartsic Featured By Owner Nov 29, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Absolutely adorable and lovely~
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:iconcynderangeldwoship14:
CynderAngelDWOship14 Featured By Owner Oct 2, 2014  Hobbyist
Awe cute family!
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:iconarchanubis:
Archanubis Featured By Owner May 9, 2014
Such an adorable scene.  And the use of ratite colors for the babies is very appropriate, since it now seems that, among the maniraptors, it was the males who brooded the eggs, like modern ratites.
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:icondinosaur-freak:
Dinosaur-Freak Featured By Owner Apr 24, 2014
I love this. The babies are nicely done and they are adorable. I like the idea with the babies riding on their mothers back. Nice work!
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:iconexpandranon:
Expandranon Featured By Owner Apr 2, 2014
How superbly adorable they all are!  I just wanna pet 'em.
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:iconcelestial-rainstorm:
Celestial-Rainstorm Featured By Owner Jan 25, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
What a charming family photo! I like your speculation on their color.
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:icontakingliberty:
TakingLiberty Featured By Owner Jan 16, 2014
This is absolutely charming. :clap:  
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:iconsasiadragon:
Sasiadragon Featured By Owner Nov 22, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
I really, really love this piece of art. The chicks are adorable, and the adults are beautiful. I love how fluffy you've drawn them, it shows that they're feathered, but doesn't have fully developed feathers like modern birds yet. And then all the thoughts you've put into the work. I know it's just speculative, but it still makes a big difference, I think. I really love the chicks on the mother's back, they remind me of the way a grebe's chicks sits calmly on the back of their parents.
The only little thing that bothers me is the wing of the chick - I'd imagine it being 'paddling' more to get up on the father's back, if that makes sense? It's like the wings are stuck on, or doesn't move naturally ... I'm not quite sure why.
I'm amazed by your use of anatomy on your dinosaurs, they are so beautiful, and looks like animals you've been sitting and studying in a zoo or something ... You make me love dinosaurs more and more for every piece.
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:iconjd-man:
JD-man Featured By Owner Nov 18, 2013
Sorry in advance for the overly long comment, but there's a lot I want to say about this deviation.

1stly, I've been meaning to tell you that I LOVE this deviation, partly b/c it depicts accurate eudromaeosaurs in your old-school drawing style (which I've always liked) & partly b/c it depicts the family life of eudromaeosaurs. The latter part is especially important for 2 reasons: 1) While I always enjoy a good pack-hunting scene, other aspects of eudromaeosaur biology are comparatively underrepresented in paleoart; 2) It reminds ppl that theropods in general & eudromaeosaurs in particular weren't only fearsome predators, but also caring parents. My only nit-pick is the reasoning for green feathers (which seems like a stretch).

2ndly, in reference to #1's 1st sentence, both family groups & packs are likely in eudromaeosaurs, given the evidence ("The social life of Deinonychus makes a tantalizing case study. There is just about enough evidence to place them as pack hunters. It is reasonable to assume that co-operative hunting was reflected in some form of co- operative lifestyle that encompassed mating, rearing young, migration and movement as well as just attacking prey": www.amazon.com/Natural-History….

3rdly, in reference to #1's 2nd sentence, I'm surprised you didn't mention Zelenitsky & Therrien 2008, which described a nest that probably belonged to a mated pair of dromaeosaurids (See the Zelenitsky/Therrien & Mike quotes).

Lastly, I was wondering what level of precociality ( www.stanford.edu/group/stanfor… ) this deviation depicts? I think eudromaeosaurs had semi-precocial young b/c they were both ground dwellers ("Most ground-dwelling birds...are all capable of walking around soon after hatching": www.amazon.com/Dinosaurs-Compl… ) & social predators ("Hunting groups...usually contain only adults, babies and adolescents are well advised to stay away so they won’t get hurt": blog.hmns.org/2010/03/raptors-… ). The same probably went for small to medium-sized tetanurans in general, given the evidence (E.g. See the Horner quote AWA "THE RED GULCH DINOSAUR TRACKSITE" in this link: www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/1… ).

Quoting Zelenitsky/Therrien (See "Taxonomic affinity" under "Discussion": onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10… ): "Montanoolithus strongorum is only the second type of maniraptoran clutch known from North America, after that of Troodon formosus (Horner and Weishampel 1996; Varricchio et al. 1997, 1999). Our cladistic analysis reveals that TMP 2007.4.1 belongs to a maniraptoran theropod that is phylogenetically bracketed by Citipati (Oviraptoridae) and Troodon (Troodontidae) + Numida (Aves); the basal position of Deinonychus in this analysis may be due to missing data (50%) for this taxon. The phylogenetic position of Montanoolithus within Maniraptora indicates that this taxon is more derived than Oviraptoridae but less derived than Troodontidae. The only maniraptorans (besides Troodon) known from the Two Medicine and Oldman formations of North America are caenagnathids and dromaeosaurids (Weishampel et al. 2004), which represent the most probable egg-layers of Montanoolithus. However, the crownwards position of Montanoolithus relative to oviraptorids may support a dromaeosaurid affinity."

Quoting Mike ( blog.everythingdinosaur.co.uk/… ): "By studying the fossil the scientists have been able to determine that this dinosaur dug its nest in freshly deposited, loose sand, possibly along the shore of a river.  An analysis of the substrate under the actual fossil indicates that the dinosaur disrupted the rock underneath, indicating that there was a substantial amount of effort put into the digging when excavating the nest.  Perhaps this indicates that the mated pair worked together or that both the front claws and the strong hind limbs were used to construct the nesting mound."

Quoting Horner ( vertpaleo.org/Education---Reso… ): "Data from Egg Mountain and Egg Island now provide extensive evidence to hypothesize the nesting behaviors of Troodon and the paleoecology of its nesting ground. The animals nested in colonies, used the nesting ground on at least three different occasions, constructed nests with rimmed borders, arranged their eggs in neat, circular clutches, brooded their eggs by direct body contact, and, apparently brought the carcasses of Orodromeus to the nesting area for their hatchlings to feed on. The hatchlings left their respective nests, but may have stayed in the nesting area for a short period of time before following the adults out of the nesting ground."
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:iconsheather888:
Sheather888 Featured By Owner Nov 11, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Okay, this is definitely my favorite restoration of any dinosaur, ever. The animals are anatomically spot-on, I absolutely love their colors, and the speculation is just awesome here. Their expressions are entirely natural yet subtly visible; I just love this! So goddamn cute.
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:iconewilloughby:
EWilloughby Featured By Owner Nov 16, 2013  Professional General Artist
Thank you so much for the nice comment. :) 
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:iconivewashere:
IveWasHere Featured By Owner Oct 29, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
I really like the patterns of the feathers, they remind me of wild duck feathers. This is such a beautiful artwork and it's absolutely stunning and cute! :love:

So is this the accurate version of a Dromaeosaur? :D
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:icondragoroku:
DragoRoku Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2013
View People understand that because many high level predators live a much more risky life then vegetarians, being a good and devoted parent is essential for many predatory Dinosaurs survival. I believe ones like these raptors in packs may have had a family social structure similar to wolves.
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:icongrisador:
grisador Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2013
Awesome !
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:iconbluefusionflare:
BlueFusionFlare Featured By Owner Sep 22, 2013
This just made my day. <3
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:iconchocolatestarfire:
ChocolateStarfire Featured By Owner Sep 20, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Also...

1-Young birds fledge. I think that would be a good term. :)

2-I agree that green would be a likely color to show up, in addition to all the ruddy browns, muted grays, and black and white plumage variations we are aware of in the fossil record at this point in time. I also like to think that blue occurs, although it is probably rare.

3-Any small dino-bird needs to be carried. It amplifies its cute factor by a billion.

4-I think this is very likely to occur...

5-Legwings to feet...I must read up on this...

:3
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:iconchocolatestarfire:
ChocolateStarfire Featured By Owner Sep 20, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
<3 I heart this forever <3

If you can ever find the time, I'd like to see you sketch out some scenes from my novel-in-progress...wink wink, nudge nudge...
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:iconewilloughby:
EWilloughby Featured By Owner Sep 20, 2013  Professional General Artist
No promises either way, but if you'd like to note/email me the scenario, I can keep it in mind for inspiration and future procrastination material. :)
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:iconchocolatestarfire:
ChocolateStarfire Featured By Owner Sep 20, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
XD

Sure thing...thanks! :D
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:iconblacknastopian:
BlackNastopian Featured By Owner Sep 18, 2013   General Artist
How sweet, I can imagene the little ones with their mouths open screaming "Feed me women!"
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:iconwoodswallow:
Woodswallow Featured By Owner Sep 18, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
OMG, this is so cool! I like all the different facial expressions, there's so much to look at! And the babies are so cute :D Very well done!
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:iconthedinorocker:
thedinorocker Featured By Owner Sep 17, 2013
Very cool! And cute too:-)
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:iconwhiskerfacerumpel:
WhiskerfaceRumpel Featured By Owner Sep 16, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist

Aww... This is a very cute and pleasant scene.  I just love their colors and family interactions & of course all of the information in the description.  :D

 

It is so fun to see awesome pictures of fluffy Deinonychi

 

But the chick doing WAIR got a question into my head...  How high could Deinonychus lift there arms above their heads?  Because the chick is lifting them farther than I thought they could. 

 

:)  Thank you, and have a good day.  :) 

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:iconewilloughby:
EWilloughby Featured By Owner Sep 16, 2013  Professional General Artist
You are quite correct about that! I'm actually a little surprised no one else pointed it out. That's another somewhat speculative thing I've included here. An adult Deinonychus is very unlikely to have been able to raise its arms above its head, but I have a kind of pet-theory (that isn't based on anything terribly evidence-based) that some juvenile dromaeosaurs could have possibly gone through a semi-volant stage, and that might involve a slightly greater degree of shoulder rotation. As long as we don't have skeletal remains of baby Deinonychus, it seems like a (highly speculative) possibility. :)
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:iconwhiskerfacerumpel:
WhiskerfaceRumpel Featured By Owner Sep 17, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist

Oh pooy, I was hoping Deinonychi could raise there arms that high, because it would make raised arms easier to draw  :D (Big Grin)

 

I have heard that theory of flying/ gliding babies several times before... but it always seemed a bit too strange for me to draw, even if I doodle flying adult Deinonychi on my homework journal a lot.  :D 

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:icontarturus:
Tarturus Featured By Owner Sep 15, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Cute pic and interesting concept. ^^
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:iconjpkeeper22:
JPkeeper22 Featured By Owner Sep 15, 2013  Hobbyist Artist

That's amazing!

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:iconladycorvidaea:
LadyCorvidaea Featured By Owner Sep 15, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
This is wonderful! I love it! and the babies are so cute!
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:iconbabbletrish:
babbletrish Featured By Owner Sep 15, 2013  Professional Traditional Artist
Fantastic!
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:iconasazieagle:
asazieagle Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013  Hobbyist Photographer
I like how much though was put into this. Even if it is mostly speculative, It does seem very possible. I could easily see this being an accurate representation of Dromaeosaur family life.
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:iconcusmith:
CuSmith Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013
I learned so much just from reading this description and following the links in it.
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:iconpurplemudkip:
purplemudkip Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
I want one.
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:iconpraisedovahpie:
PraiseDovahPie Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013
Awesome. I like the detail on the legs and arms.
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:iconalexraccoonglider:
AlexRaccoonGlider Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
A water color sketch you say? This looks reaaaaaally good =3 I like the little Deinonychus babies =3 You did such a good job with these guys =3
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:iconsilvervulpine:
SilverVulpine Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013  Hobbyist Photographer
Truly adorable work. :aww:
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:iconsilenced-dreams:
Silenced-Dreams Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
THERE NEED TO BE MORE FUZZY MANIRAPTORA BABIES.

All over the place.

Hundreds of them.

;3;

Also gdi science QUIT FINDING NEW SHIT OUT AND MAKING MY UP TO DATE ART WRONG.
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:iconewilloughby:
EWilloughby Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013  Professional General Artist
Tee hee. To be fair, there isn't anything in this drawing that's definitive new science that would render your stuff inaccurate! Everything here is fairly speculative. 
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:iconsilenced-dreams:
Silenced-Dreams Featured By Owner Sep 15, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
That is true, though the feather footedness is really neat and interesting.

More fluffy babieees.  Everywhere.

Being piggybacked.
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:iconlanexcyteri:
LanexCyteri Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013
well I always thought of them as pack animals anyway, or a family group either way its still what we would call a group of them, they are like the wolves of their time
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:iconhellraptor:
Hellraptor Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
This is a great family scene, perfecly capturing the feeling of caring parents and not just killing Machines as many people want them to be.
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:iconfragillimus335:
Fragillimus335 Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Bwahaha!  A very cute dinosaur family!
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:iconwillemsvdmerwe:
WillemSvdMerwe Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013
Great speculative dromaeosaur family reconstruction Emily! 
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:iconxanefeather:
XaneFeather Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013
Too cute. <3
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:iconhyrotrioskjan:
Hyrotrioskjan Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013  Professional General Artist

Beautiful scene Emily :clap: that is also the way how I like to think about dromaeosaur packs and it's nice to see someone else who depict baby non-avian dinosaurs riding on the back of their parents :thumbsup:

 

 

p.s. THEY ARE SO CUTE ;)

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:iconkazuma27:
Kazuma27 Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Totally awesome and quite plausible too ;)
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:iconzerictardusted:
Zerictardusted Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013
That's a beautifully presented scene.
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:icontheonetruesircharles:
TheOneTrueSirCharles Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Beautiful!
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:iconashimbabbar:
ashimbabbar Featured By Owner Sep 14, 2013
One reason to hunt in pack is to harass and wear down bigger preys. Considering the Deino's claws are meant to kill outright by piercing an artery, there is no such justification.

Of course, packs are meant to afford better protection to the young to and ensure a more even supply of food, as well. I wouldn't know whether the conditions at the time would make it a good strategy.
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